Monday, October 07, 2013

How to install linux ubuntu 12.04 lts with the pictures

How to install ubuntu 12.04 lts precise and I think any kind of way to install ubuntu also almost the same as how to install ubuntu 8, ubuntu 9,ubuntu 10, ubuntu 11, ubuntu 13 and although there are slight differences that may be found .

Linux is a free open source software , which means it can be used and updated for free, a lot of the linux operating system that we can use like a fedora, red hat,puppy , and etc. But here I will just give you a little tutorial how to install linux ubuntu 12.04, ubuntu linux is an alternative operating system windows, because the windows are not free, for it as an alternative we can use ubuntu linux that can downloaded for free and use other software also almost free, in addition to using linux then we do not need to worry with the virus because no virus on linux, it's like ubuntu said on the official site.

How to install linux ubuntu 12.04 lts precise pangolin with images :

1. Make sure the disk partition that Ubuntu is available for approximately 6 GB for ubuntu itself is actually about 4.3 GB and for the swap partition is 1024 MB or 1GB .

2. Download ubuntu 12:04 LTS precise for free here or select the appropriate processor like intel or amd used here .

3. There are several options how to install ubuntu is as follows :

  • Install using CD/DVD, backup ubuntu iso file that was downloaded with the software your choice such as nero, MagicISO etc,
  • Install using a USB flash disk using Unetbootin. 
  • Install with no CD without flashdik just use the installer on the internal hard drive of direct ubuntu iso file, but there must be a grub boot on your booting computer.

- For windows users install grub2win first.
- Extract Grub2win in Drive C:, after grub2win extracted you will find the grub2win.exe, double click to install it and you will find grub.cfg
- Enter the following settings in grub.cfg at the bottom of the texts available in grub2 folder .



menuentry " Ubuntu 12:04 ISO " {
set isofile = " / home / / Downloads/ubuntu-12.04-desktop-i386.iso "
# Or set isofile = " / / Downloads/ubuntu-12.04-desktop-i386.iso "
# If you use a single partition for your $ HOME
loopback loop ( hd0 , 5 ) $ isofile
linux ( loop ) / casper / vmlinuz boot = casper noprompt iso-scan/filename = $ isofile noeject
initrd ( loop ) / casper / initrd.lz
}



Or could look the source in help.ubuntu.com.

4 . Once determine that we are to install ubuntu boot to ubuntu installer and follow the steps, after first boot press space on keyboard to select the language.
install ubuntu 12-04 on computer or laptop

5. Select the "Install Ubuntu" text then select the language that will be used and wait until the loading display appears.
6. After loading passed then the next will be brought to the stage of selecting the language that will be used to install the ubuntu.
install ubuntu select language

7. Click the Continue button to proceed and will be brought to the stage for the beginning of the installation is selecting application / third-party software, click Continue to proceed.
continue installation ubuntu

8. After further we see there are two options, namely erase the disk and something else, select "something else" choice to start setting up the hard drive manually.

9. For the hard drive is still new we can make a new partition there by clicking the "New Partition Table" and the button "Add" to start creating new partitions and hard drives with setting self-determined choice but to install ubuntu partition to be available is 4.3 GB, and format with EXT4 partition type can be seen in the image below.
select harddisk setting install ubuntu

10. If you've made ​​a partition for ubuntu next we create one partition for swap partitions by clicking the "Add" button, swap partition is a virtual memory to make do with the RAM and hard drive capacity used on a laptop or computer so if:

  • RAM 512 MB and hard drive capacity is 30GB, then the swap partition is 512MB
  • RAM 512 MB and hard drive 100GB then the swap partition is 1024MB = 1GB
  • RAM 2 GB and hard drive 30GB then the swap partition is 1024MB or 1GB
  • RAM 2 GB and hard drive 100GB then swap partition is 2048MB or 2GB. And can be seen the sources in help.ubuntu.com.

make swap partition on ubuntu

11. The next setting place the boot loader that will and we can set example grub2 will be installed directly on the hard disk/dev/sda or on the first partition is /dev/sda1.
set bootloader grub2 ubuntu installation

12. Click the "Install Now" and wait a while till the process is completed and the next step is setting the location where we are.
ubuntu installation location choice

13. After clicking the continue button then the next step is the selection of the type of keyboard that will be used, select a standard keyboard commonly used is the "English U.S." and click Continue.
ubuntu standar keyboard

14. And I think this is the last part of which was to determine the username and password that will be used later during the entry, and I suggest to choose automatic login.
username password instalation ubuntu

15. After all we fill the username and password and click continue then wait for it to finish and if the installation is finished then restart button will appear and restart the computer, for using the cd/dvd after restart button wait a few minutes and click enter to open the cd/dvd rom opens by itself.
installation linux ubuntu

If you have questions and errors in this post please write a comment below this post.
Good luck

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3 comments:

  1. how did you edit the config file and what else did you to with grub2win, you dont show this part

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I'm sorry for that.. download grub2win here http://sourceforge.net/projects/grub2win/
      1. After downloaded extract to drive c:/grub2
      2. Install with double click grub2win.exe
      3. In grub2 folder you can see the grub.cfg open with notepad and place the grub setting in the bottom of texts

      Delete
  2. Really impressed! Everything is very open and very clear clarification of issues. It contains truly facts. Your website is very valuable. Thanks for sharing. https://snaptubeinstall.joomla.com/7-saving-for-future-reference

    ReplyDelete

Sorry if my english is bad and don't spam

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